Tag Archives: Soteriology

Dante’s Virtuous Pagans

One of the most striking theological innovations (perhaps more so even than the “Neutrals”) in Dante’s Commedia is his inclusion in Limbo of, not just “little children,” but also of formerly pagan “men and women.” The classic doctrine of Limbo — … Continue reading

Posted in Dante, Divine Comedy, Hell, Inferno, Limbo, Pagans, Soteriology, Thomas Aquinas | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Water and the Spirit

Jesus tells Nicodemus, “Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God” (Jn 3:5). What does this mean? The reading that’s most attractive to me sees “of water and of the … Continue reading

Posted in 1 Peter, Baptism, Ezekiel, Galatians, Gospel of John, OT in the NT, Romans, Soteriology | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Romans 9-11 in Outline

Rom 9:1-5 – Paul laments the unbelief of Israel, notwithstanding her many spiritual blessings (cf. Rom 3:1-4). Rom 9:6-13 – Israel’s unbelief does not frustrate the “word of God,” b/c “they are not all Israel, which are of Israel” (9:6); … Continue reading

Posted in David B. Hart, David Hart, Election, Israel, Paul, Romans, Salvaton, Soteriology, St. Paul | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Epictetus’s modest optimism

In his Entretien avec Saci, Pascal both praises and criticizes Epictetus: “I dare to say that he [Epictetus] ought to be adored, if he had known his impotence…After having so well understood that which one ought to do, look how he … Continue reading

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Eschatology and Anthropology

There’s a lively discussion at the moment about the possibility — or indeed, the inevitability — of universal salvation. TJ White’s treatment of Christ’s descent into hell in his recent Incarnate Lord includes some helpful discussion of universalism that clearly locates what I … Continue reading

Posted in David B. Hart, Doctrine of Creation, Eschatology, Eternity, Gregory of Nyssa, Human nature, Summa Theologiae, Thomas Aquinas | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The LORD’s paschal lamb

Much NT soteriology turns on the typological relationship between Jesus’ ministry, crucifixion, and resurrection with the Passover and Exodus (cf. Mk 1:1, 1 Pet 1:13, i.a.), but nowhere is this trope closer to the surface than in John’s Passion narrative, where … Continue reading

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Exegetical Ecumenism

Here’s a beautifully ecumenical moment in Papa Benedict’s fifth meditation on Saint Paul:  Es lohnt sich, an den Kommentar zu erinnern, mit dem der damalige Augustinermönch Martin Luther diese paradoxen Wendungen des Paulus begleitete: »Dies ist das großartige Geheimnis von … Continue reading

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