Tag Archives: Freedom

Freedom and Necessity in Pascal, Leibniz, and Kant

A Leitmotiv of the Pensees is Pascal’s Augustinian reflections on the conversion of the nations as a providential fulfillment of biblical prophecy. Late in the work, he takes up this theme to argue that the Church outdoes the pagan philosophers, … Continue reading

Posted in Blaise Pascal, Freedom, Immanuel Kant, Kant, Leibniz, Necessity | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Predicting vs. Deciding: Hume’s Determinism

Hume makes no secret that he is a determinist, in a Newtonian mold: “It is universally allowed that matter, in all its operations, is actuated by a necessary force” (Inquiry, 91). One billiard ball of matter moves another, and so … Continue reading

Posted in David Hume, Determinism, Freedom, Philosophy of Action, Philosophy of Mind, Roger Scruton | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Four-dimensionalism and Fatalism

Reading the chapter on “Fate” in Richard Taylor’s Metaphysics, I was suddenly struck by the fact that four-dimensionalism w/r/t time seems to entail fatalism w/r/t human action. Now, the next chapter in the book (“Time and Becoming”) makes clear that Taylor … Continue reading

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