Category Archives: Thomas Aquinas

Schopenhauer on “Scholastic Philosophy”

Schopenhauer makes a good point in his “Critique of Kantian Philosophy,” which is an appendix to his great Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung. He observes that “den dritten” service Kant performed for philosophy was “den völligen Umsturz der Scholastischen Philosophie, … Continue reading

Posted in Augustine, Berkeley, George Berkeley, Immanuel Kant, Kant, Thomas Aquinas, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Dante’s Virtuous Pagans

One of the most striking theological innovations (perhaps more so even than the “Neutrals”) in Dante’s Commedia is his inclusion in Limbo of, not just “little children,” but also of formerly pagan “men and women.” The classic doctrine of Limbo — … Continue reading

Posted in Dante, Divine Comedy, Hell, Inferno, Limbo, Pagans, Soteriology, Thomas Aquinas | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Moses and Christ

“lex per Mosen data est,” John writes, “gratia et veritas per Iesum Christum facta est” (Jn 1:17). These are strong words, words — on their face — to warm a Marcionite’s heart. The Law, given through Moses, apparently excludes “grace … Continue reading

Posted in Augustine, Gospel of John, Grace, Law, Law and Gospel, OT in the NT, Paul, Romans, St. Paul, Thomas Aquinas | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ramanuja Against Shankara’s Intellectualism

In his commentary on the Vedanta Sutras, Shankara (8th-9th c.) insists, “That the knowledge of Brahman refers to something which is not a thing to be done, and therefore is not concerned either with the pursuit or the avoidance of any … Continue reading

Posted in Aristotle, Epistemology, Hinduism, Plato, Ramanuja, Shankara, Thomas Aquinas, Virtue | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Thought’s Traction

Consider these quotations from three philosophers you probably aren’t inclined to group together: The light dove, cleaving the air in her free flight, and feeling its resistance, might imagine that its flight would be still easier in empty space. It … Continue reading

Posted in Anselm, Empiricism, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Plato, Thomas Aquinas, Wittgenstein | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jesus Is Not A Human Person

This might be surprising to you (it was to me). After all, surely there’s nothing more orthodox than to affirm that Jesus is fully human! And yet, Aquinas (following others in the Chalcedonian tradition, notably Damascene), insists that while Jesus … Continue reading

Posted in Chalcedon, Christology, Divine Persons, Hypostatic Union, Incarnation, Jesus, Thomas Aquinas, TJ White, Virgin Mary, Wolfhart Pannenberg | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Berkeley and Aquinas on Matter and Epistemological Realism

Does matter exist? Bishop Berkeley famously said, No, a thesis which has earned him a reputation as a brilliant crank (emphasis on “crank”). Here’s his argument: Wood, stones, fire, water, flesh, iron, and the like things, which I name and … Continue reading

Posted in Aristotle, Being and beings, Descartes, Epistemology, George Berkeley, Idealism, John Locke, John O'Callaghan, Matter, Metaphysics, Mind and World, Plato, Thomas Aquinas | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment