Category Archives: Shankara

Barthian Shankara

Early in his commentary (bhasya) on the Brahma Sutras of Badarayana, Shankaracarya, the greatest sage of the Advaita Vedanta, offers a theory about the Brahman-world relation, and our knowledge of it. The second of 555 sutras reads as follows: “(Brahman is that) from which … Continue reading

Posted in Immanuel Kant, Kant, Karl Barth, Natural Theology, Shankara, Uncategorized, Upanishads | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ramanuja, Aurobindo, and Hart on the One and the Many

Shankara is a famous advocate for a fully monist interpretation of the Upanishads and the Vedanta philosophy that developed from it. For instance: “The difference between the individual self and the highest Lord is owing to wrong knowledge only” (1.3.19,Sourcebook of Indian Philosophy, 515). … Continue reading

Posted in David B. Hart, David Hart, Hinduism, Ramanuja, Sarvapelli Radhakrishnan, Shankara, The One and the Many, Trinity, Upanishads | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Ramanuja Against Shankara’s Intellectualism

In his commentary on the Vedanta Sutras, Shankara (8th-9th c.) insists, “That the knowledge of Brahman refers to something which is not a thing to be done, and therefore is not concerned either with the pursuit or the avoidance of any … Continue reading

Posted in Aristotle, Epistemology, Hinduism, Plato, Ramanuja, Shankara, Thomas Aquinas, Virtue | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Shankara and the Meno Thesis

“Knowledge although springing up through the mediation of learning and so on, springs up only in so far as learning destroys the obstacles in the way of knowledge.” That could easily be a quotation from Plato’s Meno, where Socrates argues that … Continue reading

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Sanctity as Theology’s Prelude: A Cross-Cultural Comparison

Among Christians who have reflected on the relationship between sanctity (sc. holiness, “living Christianly”) and the intellectual discipline called “theology,” many have argued that the former is a necessary condition for the latter, that a theologian must (at least aspirationally) be … Continue reading

Posted in Epistemology, Gregory Nazianzen, Hinduism, Sanctity and Theology, Shankara, Vedanta | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment