Category Archives: Faith

Newman on Faith and Reason

(What follows is an analysis of Newman’s account of faith and reason in a selection of his Oxford University Sermons, presented at a seminar on Newman with Fr. Ian Ker, at Merton College, Oxford University, July 13, 2015.) The Oxford University … Continue reading

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Justification by Justification by Faith

In his Lectures on the Doctrine of Justification, Newman complains that, in practice, the Protestant doctrine of justification sola fide results in “substitut[ing] faith for Christ” (Genius of Newman, 188). That is, when the test of your salvation is your subjective awareness of … Continue reading

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The Faith of Abraham

“Per quanto paradossale possa sembrare, la fede di Abramo é, per Agostino, una fede cristologica. Attraverso formulazioni che si rincorrono retoricamente e che si intersecano l’una nell’altra, Agostino sembra dire che la fede di Abramo é gia fede nel Cristo venturo” (Agostino, … Continue reading

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NT commentary on Abraham and the Binding

Hebrews 11:17-19 — Πίστει προσενήνοχενἈβραὰμ τὸν Ἰσαὰκ πειραζόμενος, καὶ τὸν μονογενῆ προσέφερεν ὁ τὰς ἐπαγγελίας ἀναδεξάμενος, πρὸς ὃν ἐλαλήθη ὅτι Ἐν Ἰσαὰκ κληθήσεταί σοι σπέρμα, 19λογισάμενος ὅτι καὶ ἐκ νεκρῶν ἐγείρειν δυνατὸς ὁθεός: ὅθεν αὐτὸν καὶ ἐν παραβολῇ ἐκομίσατο. James 2:20-24: θέλεις δὲ γνῶναι, ὦ ἄνθρωπε κενέ, ὅτι ἡ πίστις χωρὶς τῶν ἔργων ἀργή ἐστιν;21Ἀβραὰμ ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη, ἀνενέγκας Ἰσαὰκ τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὸ θυσιαστήριον; 22βλέπεις ὅτι ἡ πίστις συνήργει τοῖς ἔργοις αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐκ τῶν ἔργων ἡ πίστις ἐτελειώθη, 23καὶ ἐπληρώθη ἡγραφὴ ἡ λέγουσα, Ἐπίστευσεν δὲ Ἀβραὰμ τῷ θεῷ, καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην, καὶ φίλος θεοῦἐκλήθη. 24ὁρᾶτε ὅτι ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται ἄνθρωπος καὶ οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως μόνον. Romans 4:16-22: διὰ τοῦτο ἐκ πίστεως, ἵνα κατὰ χάριν, εἰς τὸ εἶναι βεβαίαν τὴν ἐπαγγελίανπαντὶ τῷ σπέρματι, οὐ τῷ ἐκ τοῦ νόμου μόνον ἀλλὰ καὶ τῷ ἐκ πίστεως Ἀβραάμ {ὅς ἐστιν πατὴρ πάντωνἡμῶν, 17καθὼς γέγραπται ὅτι Πατέρα πολλῶν ἐθνῶν τέθεικά σε} κατέναντι οὗ ἐπίστευσεν θεοῦ τοῦζῳοποιοῦντος τοὺς νεκροὺς καὶ καλοῦντος τὰ μὴ ὄντα ὡς ὄντα: 18ὃς παρ’ ἐλπίδα ἐπ’ ἐλπίδι ἐπίστευσεν εἰςτὸ γενέσθαι αὐτὸν πατέρα πολλῶν ἐθνῶν κατὰ τὸ εἰρημένον, Οὕτως ἔσται τὸ σπέρμα σου: 19καὶ μὴἀσθενήσας τῇ πίστει κατενόησεν τὸ ἑαυτοῦ σῶμα [ἤδη] νενεκρωμένον, ἑκατονταετής που ὑπάρχων, καὶ τὴννέκρωσιν τῆς μήτρας Σάρρας, 20εἰς δὲ τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν τοῦ θεοῦ οὐ διεκρίθη τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ ἀλλ’ ἐνεδυναμώθητῇ πίστει, δοὺς δόξαν τῷ θεῷ 21καὶ πληροφορηθεὶς ὅτι ὃ ἐπήγγελται δυνατός ἐστιν καὶ ποιῆσαι. 22διὸ [καὶ] ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην. Several striking details: James and Hebrews agree in linking Abraham’s faith to his … Continue reading

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“Is there an absolute duty to God?”

This is “Problem II” in Fear and Trembling, and it takes its inspiration from Kant’s notion that a divine command overriding the obligations of ethics is a logical impossibility: one would always be more justified in doubting the supposed divine … Continue reading

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The teleological suspension of the ethical

“Faith,” writes K., “begins precisely where thinking leaves off” (p. 46). “The ethical as such is the universal…It rests immanently in itself, has nothing outside itself that is its telos, but is itself the telos for everything outside itself…the single … Continue reading

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Faith — Kierkegaard

To have faith is “to exist in such a way that my opposition to existence expresses itself at every moment as the most beautiful and most secure harmony with it” (Fear and Trembling, p. 42).

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