Solomon, or Jesus?

In City of God 17.8, Augustine makes an interesting observation: on the face of the biblical narrative, Solomon appears not to be the heir referred to in the LORD’s covenant with David in 2 Samuel 7. Notice that the LORD specifies a time frame for this heir: “When thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom” (2 Sam 7:12). But then notice further that Solomon is installed as king before David dies (1 Kgs 1:33-39, 1 Kgs 2:10). This is a hint, Augustine suggests, that the “seed” promised in the Davidic covenant isn’t (or at least, isn’t principally) Solomon, but rather Christ, the true heir whose throne would last forever, and who would build the true house of God, the church (2 Sam 7:13-14).

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