Monthly Archives: August 2011

Is charity something created in the soul?

Thomas argues that it has to be (ST IIa IIae, 22, 2). By “created,” he means a habit or power which the soul can exercise freely. Here he opposes Peter Lombard (“Magister”), who had argued that the love by which … Continue reading

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Fear and Love

Thomas (IIa IIae, 19, 3) argues that “worldly fear” (e.g., the fear of worldly powers or events) is always evil: “Timor autem ex amore nascitur, illud enim homo timet amittere quod amat; ut patet per Augustinum, in libro octogintatrium quaest. … Continue reading

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Hart on creation sounds like Jenson

I think of these two as engaged in a monumental struggle over the mechanics of the Trinity, but on the ground, they sound remarkably alike. Take Hart on creation: “Creation is thus without foundations; it attends God, possessing no essence … Continue reading

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Faith precedes hope

Why? Because hope requires a known object, and hope as a theological virtue (that is, the only hope which in Thomas’s opinion is worth the name) finds its object in the eternal beatitude of life with God. But we only … Continue reading

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The object of hope

If the proper object of the Christian virtue of hope is, as Thomas argues, “eternal blessedness,” (IIa IIae, 17, 2) it would seem improper to hope for the manifold other things for which we in fact do hope: “bona praesentis … Continue reading

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Jews, Greeks, and Church of God

Paul’s Jewishness notwithstanding, it’s clear that at least by the time of 1 Corinthians, he had come to think of the Church as conceptually distinct from the Jews and from the pagans: ἀπρόσκοποι καὶ Ἰουδαίοις γίνεσθε καὶ Ελλησιν καὶ τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ τοῦ θεοῦ” (10:32) Christians are, overwhelmingly, Gentile followers of … Continue reading

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Social Sacrament

I’m uncomfortable with Eucharistic adoration and associated practices because of 1 Cor 10:16-17 τὸ ποτήριον τῆς εὐλογίας ὃ εὐλογοῦμεν, οὐχὶ κοινωνία ἐστὶν τοῦ αἵματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ; τὸν ἄρτον ὃν κλῶμεν, οὐχὶ κοινωνία τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐστιν; ὅτι εἷς ἄρτος, ἓν σῶμα οἱ πολλοί ἐσμεν, οἱ γὰρ πάντες ἐκ τοῦ ἑνὸς ἄρτου μετέχομεν. “Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body”: it is precisely the act of sharing (κοινωνία) in the … Continue reading

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